63RD UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY: BRAZILIAN PRIORITIES

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08BRASILIA1252 19 September 2008 Solo uso oficial Embassy Brasilia

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UNCLAS BRASILIA 001252

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DEPARTMENT FOR IO/UNP, WHA/BSC

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL, UNGA, BR
SUBJECT: 63RD UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY: BRAZILIAN PRIORITIES

REF: SECSTATE 99672

1. Poloff discussed this year’s UNGA with Ministry of
External Relations (MRE) UN Division Director Gilda Neves.
Brazil will be represented by President Lula and Foreign
Mininster Amorim. Both will have extensive schedules of
bilateral meetings. Lula is spending more time than planned
in New York due to the cancellation of a planned visit to
Canada. Amorim will meet with Secretary Rice. According to
Neves, the MRE favors increasing bilateral U.S. Brazilian
consultations on UN-related issues, especially peacekeeping
in Haiti and other regional security questions. Amorim will
also be prepared to brief on Brazilian views of the situation
in Bolivia and Brazil’s efforts to play a moderating role.
The MRE has recommended several themes for President Lula’s
remarks to the General Assembly, especially the need for
development assistance for Africa, support to the UN
Millenium Development Goals and the importance of enhancing
regional integration mechanisms, for example UNASUL. Lula is
also expected to make a case for increased civilian
assistance to Haiti in the wake of this year’s active
hurricane season and for strengthening Haiti’s governmental
institutions. The president will also advocate support for
elections in Africa. Brazil would like to send monitors to
Guinea Bissau’s October elections, but these fall at the same
time as Brazil’s own municipal elections, the running of
which will occupy Brazil’s election experts.

2. As usual, Brazil’s top priority for this year’s UNGA will
be Security Council reform. For Brazil, this is defined
narrowly as obtaining a new permanent seat on the UNSC.
Brazil believes its size, regional influence and gorwing
economy entitle it to the status a permanent seat conveys.
Neves said Brazil was pleased with the recent decision to
move toward inter-governmental negotiations as Brazil was
frustrated by the lack of progress in the open ended working
group. She expressed her government’s view that there was
little chance that inter governmental negotiations would lead
to consensus and that the issue would ultimately lead to a
vote in the General Assembly. "A vote is the way things are
done in the UN." she said. Neves also stated that the U.S.
view that reform of the UNSC should only take place in the
context of broader UN reform was well known, but Brazil’s
priority was on a Security Council seat.

3. Neves had few comments on other USG priorities as
described in reftel. Brazil is still assessing the question
of a request for an ICJ opinion on Kosovo’s declaration of
independence. President Lula will likely meet Serbian
President Tadic in New York, but Lula’s priority will be to
gain support for Brazil’s UNSC aspirations and for commercial
opportunities; Kosovo is not on Lula’s agenda. Neves was
interested in plans to expand UN missions in Afghanistan and
Iraq and whether these expansions were related to changes in
U.S. military presence. Brazil strongly supports completion
of the Millenium Development goals, and President Lula plans
to participate in a meeting on this subject September 25.
SOBEL