RELEASE OF FACT SHEET ON THE TERRORIST GROUP, SENDERO LUMINOSO

Código Fecha Clasificación Origen
89STATE319082 4 October 1989 No clasificado United States Secretary of State in Washington

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O 042258Z OCT 89
FM SECSTATE WASHDC
TO AMEMBASSY LIMA IMMEDIATE
CIA WASHDC 0000
NSC WASHDC 0000
SECDEF WASHDC 0000

UNCLAS STATE 319082

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: PTER
SUBJECT: RELEASE OF FACT SHEET ON THE TERRORIST GROUP,
SENDERO LUMINOSO

1. THE DEPARTMENT WILL BE RELEASING AT THE NOON PRESS
BRIEFING, ON THURSDAY, OCTOBER 5, A FACT SHEET ON
SENDERO LUMINOSO. THIS IS THE LATEST IN A SERIES OF
FACT SHEETS ON TERRORIST GROUPS AND TERRORISM-SUPPORTING
COUNTRIES RELEASED BY THE OFFICE OF THE COORDINATOR FOR
COUNTERTERRORISM (S/CT). THE FACT SHEET HAS BEEN
CLEARED BY RELEVANT BUREAUS AT THE DEPARTMENT. Q AND
A’S FOR PRESS AND FULL TEXT OF FACT SHEET FOLLOWS:

2. S/CT PRESS ANNOUNCEMENT
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1989

ANNOUNCEMENT: RELEASE OF SENDERO LUMINOSO FACT SHEET

AVAILABLE IN THE PRESS OFFICE IS A FACT SHEET ON THE
SENDERO LUMINOSO (SHINING PATH) TERRORIST GROUP. THIS
IS ONE OF A SERIES OF REPORTS PREPARED BY THE OFFICE OF
COUNTERTERRORISM.

Q: WHY ARE YOU RELEASING IT NOW?

A: THESE REPORTS ARE PREPARED AND DISTRIBUTED
PERIODICALLY, PRIMARILY FOR REFERENCE PURPOSES.
THE RELEASE OF THESE REPORTS IS NOT TIMED TO ANY
CURRENT EVENT.

(IF ASKED:)

Q: ISN’T SENDERO A DOMESTIC INSURGENT GROUP RATHER THAN
AN INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST GROUP?

A: SENDERO IS BOTH A TERRORIST AND AN INSURGENT GROUP,
AND IS EXTREMELY DANGEROUS. THROUGHOUT ITS
NINE-YEAR CAMPAIGN OF VIOLENCE, IT HAS ATTACKED MANY
INTERNATIONAL TARGETS IN PERU, AND IS RESPONSIBLE
FOR KILLING U.S. CITIZENS — IN 1988 WHEN IT
MURDERED AN A.I.D.-CONTRACT EMPLOYEE, AND IN 1986
WHEN IT BOMBED A TRAIN PACKED WITH TOURISTS, KILLING
EIGHT, INCLUDING TWO AMERICANS.

3. TEXT OF FACT SHEET. BEGIN TEXT.

SENDERO LUMINOSO (SHINING PATH)

DANGEROUS AND UNPREDICTABLE

PERU’S SENDERO LUMINOSO (SHINING PATH) IS AN EXTREMELY
DANGEROUS AND UNPREDICTABLE TERRORIST AND INSURGENCY
GROUP. ITS DECLARED AIM IS TO DESTROY EXISTING PERUVIAN
INSTITUTIONS AND REPLACE THEM WITH AN INDIAN-BASED
PEASANT REVOLUTIONARY REGIME, INSPIRED IN PART BY MAO
ZEDONG’S CULTURAL REVOLUTION IN CHINA.

SENDERO INTIMIDATES THE POPULACE BY EXECUTING —
FREQUENTLY IN GRUESOME WAYS — CIVILIANS WHO HAVE
GOVERNMENT TIES, AND OTHERS IT CONSIDERS IDEOLOGICAL
ENEMIES. IT AGGRESSIVELY CONDUCTS POLITICAL
INDOCTRINATIONS IN AREAS IT CONTROLS AND, SINCE 1987.
HAS DEVELOPED TIES TO NARCOTIC TRAFFICKERS AND TO THE
PEASANT COCA-GROWERS WHOM IT SEEKS TO PROTECT. ALTHOUGH
INITIALLY OPERATING AS A GUERRILLA FORCE IN THE RURAL
AREAS, SENDERO HAS ADDED URBAN TERRORISM AS A COMPLEMENT
TO ITS RURAL "PEOPLE’S WAR" INSURGENCY.

ESTIMATES OF TOTAL NUMBERS OF PEOPLE KILLED SINCE MAY
1980 — WHEN SENDERO BEGAN ITS VIOLENT CAMPAIGN — REACH
ALMOST 15,000, WITH NEARLY 2,000 KILLED LAST YEAR.

BACKGROUND

SENDERO BEGAN AS A MOVEMENT IN THE LATE 1960S AT THE
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY AT SAN CRISTOBAL OF HUAMANGA IN
AYACUCHO, A COLONIAL-ERA PROVINCIAL CAPITAL HIGH IN THE
ANDES, 230 MILES SOUTHEAST OF LIMA. ABIMAEL GUZMAN
REYNOSO, ITS FOUNDER WHO IS CALLED, "PRESIDENT GONZALO,
END QUOTE BY HIS FOLLOWERS, WAS A PHILOSOPHY PROFESSOR
AT THE UNIVERSITY AND A LEADER OF THE PRO-CHINESE
FACTION WITHIN PERU’S COMMUNIST PARTY. IN 1970, HE AND
HIS FACTION TOOK THE NAME , "SHINING PATH OF JOSE CARLOS
MARIATEGUI, END QUOTE THE FOUNDER OF THE COMMUNIST
PARTY IN PERU IN THE 1920S. SENDERO WENT UNDERGOUND IN
1978 AND, TWO YEARS LATER, LAUNCHED ITS FIRST VIOLENT
ATTACK — ON A RURAL POLLING STATION ON MAY 17, 1980,
BURNING ALL THE BALLOT BOXES. SENDERO’S ANTI-DEMOCRATIC
NATURE WAS PARTICULARLY APPARENT IN THIS FIRST ATTACK
SINCE THE 1980 ELECTION MARKED THE RETURN TO CIVILIAN
RULE IN PERU AFTER TWELVE YEARS OF MILITARY DICTATORSHIP.

ESTIMATES OF THE NUMBER OF SENDERO MILITANTS RANGE UP
TO 5,000, WITH MANY MORE SUPPORTERS. ALTHOUGH SENDERO
FOCUSES ITS APPEAL ON THE DISADVANTAGED ETHNIC-INDIAN
SEGMENT OF PERU’S POPULATION, IT HAS SUCCESSFULLY
RECRUITED AMONG THE SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF THE MIDDLE AND
UPPER CLASSES AS WELL. IT ALSO SEEKS TO RECRUIT 13-15
YEAR-OLDS AS ARMED MILITANTS SINCE THEY CAN BE MORE
EASILY PROPAGANDIZED INTO SUPPORTING WITH UNMITIGATING
VIOLENCE SENDERO’S CAUSE.

IDEOLOGY

LOOKING TO MAO ZEDONG FOR INSPIRATION, SENDERO
CONSIDERS ITS PHILOSOPHY AS THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF
"SCIENTIFIC COMMUNIST THOUGHT, END QUOTE AND SEEKS TO
ESTABLISH THROUGH VIOLENT REVOLUTION A "PEOPLE’S
REPUBLIC OF NEW DEMOCRACY END QUOTE IN PERU. IT DEEPLY
DISTRUSTS SOVIET AND CUBAN "REVISIONISM, END QUOTE AND
HAS DUBBED THE SOVIETS SOCIAL IMPERIALISTS."

SENDERO ALSO DISTRUSTS NICARAGUA, NORTH KOREA AND
VIRTUALLY ALL OTHER COMMUNIST REGIMES. IT DENOUNCES
DENG XIAOPING’S "REVISIONISM END QUOTE IN CHINA, VIEWING
INSTEAD THE DEPOSED "GANG OF FOUR" AS HEROES OF THE
CULTURAL REVOLUTION. SENDERO LEADER GUZMAN, ACCORDING
TO DOCUMENTS FROM THE GROUP’S FOURTH PLENUM OF THE
CENTRAL COMMITTEE, ALSO LABELLED LIBYA’S MU’AMMAR
QADHAFI "A FAKE."

SENDERO’S GOAL IS TO DESTROY NOT ONLY THE GOVERNMENT,
BUT ALSO THE SOCIAL ORDER. IT CLAIMS TO CHAMPION THE
DISADVANTAGED INDIAN PEASANTS, BUT SHOWS NO REMORSE IN
KILLING THOSE WHO, IN ITS VIEW, DISPLAY A "PETIT RURAL
BOURGEOISIE END QUOTE MENTALITY. SENDERO ALSO
IMPLEMENTS A STRICT MORAL CODE — INCLUDING NO SMOKING
OR DRINKING — AND DESPITE AIDING NARCOTIC TRAFFICKERS
AND COCA-GROWERS, IT IS KNOWN TO HAVE EXECUTED THOSE
UNDER ITS CONTROL FOUND USING DRUGS THEMSELVES.

STRATEGY AND TACTICS

SENDERO HAS ATTEMPTED TO TERRORIZE THE POPULATION
THROUGH VIOLENCE, AND HAS MURDERED GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS,
PARLIAMENTARIANS, JUDGES, POLITICAL ACTIVISTS,
JOURNALISTS, DEVELOPMENT WORKERS (BOTH FOREIGN AND
NATIVE), PROFESSORS, TEACHERS, PEASANTS, AND
OCCASIONALLY TOURISTS. IN 1988 ALONE, IT KILLED 17
PROVINCIAL MAYORS. IT HAS ATTACKED GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS
AND FOREIGN EMBASSIES. FOLLOWING THE SHOOTING OF TWO
PARLIAMENTARY DEPUTIES IN MAY OF THIS YEAR (ONE ATTACK
APPARENTLY CRIMINALLY MOTIVATED), OVER 20 PARLIAMENTARY
DEPUTIES FROM TWO DIFFERENT POLITICAL PARTIES PUBLICLY
ANNOUNCED THAT THEY HAD RECEIVED DEATH THREATS OR
ATTEMPTS ON THEIR LIVES, INDICATING THE EXTENT TO WHICH
PUBLIC OFFICIALS HAVE BEEN THREATENED BY THE TERRORIST
VIOLENCE.

RURAL AND URBAN

SIMILAR TO MAO’S DOCTRINE OF ENCIRCLING
THE CITIES FROM THE COUNTRYSIDE, SENDERO SEES THE RURAL
AREAS AS THE PRINCIPAL THEATER FOR ITS ARMED ATTACKS.
URBAN SUBVERSION AND TERRORISM, HOWEVER, HAVE BECOME
INCREASINGLY IMPORTANT TO ITS STRATEGY. IN A JULY 1988
INTERVIEW (THE FIRST THE SECRETIVE SENDERO LEADER HAD
GIVEN SINCE 1979), GUZMAN STATED THAT SENDERO MUST BE
PREPARED FOR WHAT HE CHARACTERIZED AS THE FINAL ASSAULT
— THE TAKING OF THE CITIES. OTHER DOCUMENTS FROM EARLY
1988 ALSO INDICATE THAT SENDERO WAS STRESSING URBAN
SUBVERSION AND TERRORISM AS A COMPLEMENT TO ITS RURAL
WARFARE.

THIS NEW URBAN EMPHASIS, HOWEVER, WAS DEALT A SEVERE,
BUT NOT CRIPPLING, BLOW WHEN OSMAN MOROTE BARRIONUEVO,
BELIEVED TO BE SENDERO’S SECOND-IN-COMMAND, WAS ARRESTED
IN LIMA AND CONVICTED LATER IN 1988. OTHER RECENT
SETBACKS WERE THE EARLY AUGUST ARRESTS IN LIMA OF 29
SENDERO MEMBERS WHICH, ACCORDING TO THE PERUVIAN
INTERIOR MINISTER, DISMANTLED A MAJOR SUBVERSIVE
NETWORK, AND THE ARREST LATER IN THE MONTH OF SAMUEL
VIDAL ESPINOZA, A SENDERO LEADER WHO WAS CHARGED WITH
SEVERAL CRIMES INCLUDING THE MURDER OF RODRIGO FRANCO, A
HIGH RANKING GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL.

IN ADDITION TO TERRORISM, SENDERO’S URBAN STRATEGY
INCLUDES SEEKING TO INFILTRATE TRADE UNIONS, STUDENT
ORGANIZATIONS AND LEFTIST POLITICAL PARTIES. IT HAS
ALSO BEEN RESPONSIBLE FOR ARMED STRIKES IN SEVERAL RURAL
AREAS IN 1989 AND A ONE-DAY GENERAL STRIKE IN JULY WHICH
PARALYZED TRANSPORTATION IN MUCH OF LIMA.

ECONOMIC SABOTAGE

SENDERO ALSO PURSUES A CAMPAIGN OF ECONOMIC SABOTAGE
AND IN 1988 ALONE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR ESTIMATES OF
LOSSES AS HIGH AS $2.65 BILLION. IT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR
NUMEROUS BLACKOUT AND BROWNOUTS IN LIMA AND OTHER AREAS
OF PERU THROUGH ITS SYSTEMATIC BOMBING OF ELECTRIC
PYLONS. THIS CAMPAIGN CULMINATED WHEN SENDERO BLACKED
OUT LIMA AS WELL AS MANY INTERIOR DEPARTMENTS FOR A
TOTAL OF 21 DAYS DURING THE MONTH OF AUGUST.

SENDERO HAS ATTACKED RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS,
KILLING GOVERNMENT ENGINEERS WHO WERE WORKING TO UPGRADE
RURAL FACILITIES. EXAMPLES INCLUDED THE DECEMBER 1987
ATTACK ON THE OFFICE OF THE GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION
PROJECT IN AYACUCHO, IN WHICH IT KILLED THREE ENGINEERS,
INCLUDING THE HEAD OF THE CACHI RIVER IRRIGATION
PROJECT. THE PROJECT, WHICH SENDERO HAD VOWED TO BLOCK,
WOULD IRRIGATE 34,000 ACRES OF FARMLAND AND PROVIDE
25,000 KILOWATTS OF ELECTRICITY TO THE REGION. IN JUNE
1988, SENDERO EXECUTED AN AMERICAN USAID CONTRACT
EMPLOYEE AND A PERUVIAN COLLEAGUE NEAR QUICHA BAJA WHO
WERE WORKING ON A LOCAL AGRICULTURAL PROJECT. IN
DECEMBER 1988, IT KILLED TWO FRENCH AND TWO PERUVIAN
ENGINEERS WORKING ON A RURAL ASSISTANCE PROJECT IN THE
SOUTH CENTRAL DEPARTMENT OF APURIMAC, AND ALSO THAT
MONTH, ATTACKED A DEVELOPMENT PROJECT RUN BY THE
EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY. THE EEC RECALLED ITS AID
EMPLOYEES BECAUSE OF THAT ATTACK, AND IN JANUARY OF THIS
YEAR, THE DUTCH GOVERNMENT WITHDREW ITS DEVELOPMENT
WORKERS FROM THE COUNTRYSIDE BECAUSE OF THE THREAT OF
SENDERO ATTACKS.

ALTHOUGH THESE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS WOULD AID THE
RURAL POPULATIONS WHOSE INTERESTS SENDERO CLAIMS TO
DEFEND, SENDERO ATTACKS THEM IN ORDER TO UNDERMINE THE
ESTABLISHED GOVERNMENT AND TO PRESENT TO THE PEASANTRY
NO HOPE FOR IMPROVEMENT UNTIL SENDERO AUTHORITY IS
ESTABLISHED. IN THE WORDS OF GUZMAN QUOTED AT SENDERO’S
FOURTH PLENUM OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE, "OUR POLICY IS
TO RAZE TO THE GROUND, TO LEAVE NOTHING...IN A WAR, WHAT
YOU CAN’T USE OR CARRY OFF, YOU DESTROY, YOU BURN."

ANTI-ELECTION CAMPAIGN

SENDERO APPEARS TO HAVE LAUNCHED A CAMPAIGN AGAINST
THE UPCOMING MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS IN NOVEMBER AND THE
GENERAL ELECTIONS IN APRIL 1990. DURING THE SUMMER
MONTHS, SENDERO TERRORISTS SELECTIVELY ASSASSINATED OVER
A SCORE OF POLITICAL LEADERS TO INCLUDE LOCAL MAYORS,
PARTY REPRESENTATIVES AND CANDIDATES. THROUGH LETHAL
INTIMIDATION, SENDERO POSES A POTENTIAL THREAT TO PERU’S
DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM AS THE CONSTITUTION CALLS FOR A
CANCELLATION OF THE VOTE COUNT IF 30 PERCENT OF THE
ELECTORATE ARE PREVENTED FROM CASTING THEIR BALLOTS.

THE COCA CONNECTION

SENDERO GUERRILLAS HAVE BECOME INCREASINGLY ACTIVE IN
UPPER HUALLAGA VALLEY, THE LOCALE OF MOST OF PERU’S
ILLEGAL COCA PRODUCTION, AND HAVE BECOME A THREAT TO THE
PERUVIAN GOVERNMENT’S U.S.-ASSISTED DRUG ERADICATION,
CROP SUBSTITUTION, AND INTERDICTION EFFORTS. ATTACKS BY
BOTH TRAFFICKERS AND SENDERO GUERRILLAS HAVE INCREASED
SUBSTANTIALLY IN 1989, FORCING THE SUSPENSION OF SOME OF
THESE OPERATIONS FOR SIX MONTHS.

SENDERO REPORTEDLY ACTS AS AN INTERMEDIARY BETWEEN THE
PEASANT GROWERS AND THE DRUG TRAFFICKERS, WINNING HIGHER
PRICES FOR THE GROWERS, TAKING A CUT OF THE PROFITS, AND
PROVIDING PROTECTION. IN A POLICE RAID ON A SUSPECTED
DRUG TARGET IN THE TOWN OF UCHIZA IN FEBRUARY OF THIS
YEAR, 45 KILOS OF COCAINE PASTE WERE SEIZED AND EIGHT
SUSPECTS ARRESTED. TWO WERE SENDERO MEMBERS.

SENDERO’S INVOLVEMENT IN DRUGS BECAME INCREASINGLY
APPARENT SINCE 1987 WHEN, IN JUNE OF THAT YEAR, THE
DIRECTOR OF BRAZIL’S NARCOTICS DIVISION STATED PUBLICLY
THAT SENDERO WAS INVOLVED WITH THE TRAFFICKERS OPERATING
ON THE BRAZILIAN BORDER AND RECEIVED LARGE AMOUNTS OF
MONEY FROM THEM.

SENDERO, WHICH NOW DOMINATES DOZENS OF VILLAGES IN THE
REGION AND IS INFLUENTIAL IN SEVERAL LARGER TOWNS, HAS
PUBLICLY STATED THAT THE GOVERNMENT’S ANTI-NARCOTICS
OPERATIONS ARE A COVER FOR "IMPERIALIST EXPANSION" — A
CONVENIENT IDEOLOGICAL RATIONALE FOR ATTACKING THEM.
SENDERO IS ORGANIZING COCA GROWERS TO PROTEST THE
ANTI-DRUG OPERATIONS, AND A PRO-SENDERO NEWSWEEKLY HAS
CONTRIBUTED TO SENDERO’S DISINFORMATION CAMPAIGN BY
REPORTING THAT CROP ERADICATION HERBICIDES WERE
POISONING CHILDREN, SEVERAL OF WHOM, THE NEWSWEEKLY
CLAIMED, HAVE ALREADY DIED. THE POISONING CLAIMS ARE
UNTRUE AND EXCEPT FOR A ONE-TIME APPLICATION TEST,
HERBICIDES HAVE NOT BEEN USED IN THE CROP ERADICATION
EFFORTS.

PARTIAL INCIDENT CHRONOLOGY

1989

SEPTEMBER

SENDERO IS SUSPECTED IN THE SHOOTING DEATH OF
DARIO FERMIN AZPARRENT, THE MAYOR OF JUMANGA IN THE
AYACUCHO DEPARTMENT. THE 62 YEAR OLD MAYOR WAS A MEMBER
OF THE PERUVIAN COMMUNIST PARTY.

HOODED TERRORISTS BELIEVED TO BE SENDERO MEMBERS
STABBED TO DEATH PEDRO ALBERCA IN A HOSPITAL AND TOOK
HIS BODY TO THE MAIN SQUARE OF PUNUM TOWN IN HUACHO.
ALBERCA WAS THE REGIONAL GENERAL SECRETARY OF THE
PERUVIAN COMMUNIST PARTY AS WELL AS THE SPOKESMAN FOR
THE COMMUNIST UNITED LEFT FRONT.

SENDERO IS SUSPECTED IN THE KILLING AND
DECAPITATION OF NEARLY 20 VICTIMS WHOSE BODIES WERE SEEN
FLOATING DOWN THE HUALLAGA RIVER IN FRONT OF A JUNGLE
BASE FROM WHICH DEA-ASSISTED PERUVIAN ANTI-NARCOTICS
POLICE ARE OPERATING.

AUGUST

SENDERO IS BELIEVED RESPONSIBLE FOR KILLING
ZACARIAS BRICENO, THE MAYOR OF SANAGORAN DISTRICT IN
NORTHERN PERU, AFTER HAVING ROUNDED UP THE RESIDENTS
INTO THE MAIN TOWN SQUARE. BRICENO WAS A REGIONAL
LEADER OF THE COMMUNIST UNITED LEFT FRONT. THE
TERRORISTS BURNED DOWN THE CITY HALL BUILDING PRIOR TO
DEPARTING.

BELIEVED RESPONSIBLE FOR BOMBING THE HOME OF
RAFAEL AND EMMA BENAVIDES, LOCAL LEADERS OF FREDEMO (THE
DEMOCRATIC FRONT). BOTH WERE INJURED IN THE ATTACK.
MRS. BENAVIDES IS A CANDIDATE FOR MAYOR OF HUANCAVELICA.

POLICE BELIEVE SENDERO KILLED 15 PEASANTS OVER A
WEEKEND PERIOD, MANY BY GRENADES HURLED AT RESIDENTS
CELEBRATING REGIONAL FESTIVITIES IN TWO TOWNS IN THE
AYACUCHO HIGHLANDS, AND THREE LOCAL LEADERS BY FIRE IN
THE CHINCAYLLAPA DISTRICT AFTER BEING TIED TO POLES AND
DOUSED WITH FUEL.

SUSPECTED IN THE KILLING OF SAMUEL UMALIA, THE
SOCIALIST ACCORD CANDIDATE FOR MAYOR OF CERRO DE PASCO,
AN IMPORTANT SIERRA MINING TOWN.

SENDERO TERRORISTS SHOT AND KILLED A POLICE HEALTH
DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL IN THE JUNIN DEPARTMENT WHO WAS
TRAVELLING ON A BUS.

JULY

SUSPECTED IN BOMBING A BUS IN THE PORT OF CALLAO
WHICH WAS CARRYING SOVIET CREW MEMBERS ON SHORE LEAVE
FROM A FISHING VESSEL; 33 WERE WOUNDED.

KILLED 17 PEASANTS OF THE VILLAGE OF TINTE, SOME
BY MACHINEGUN FIRE AND OTHERS BY STABBING, AFTER HERDING
MEMBERS OF A LOCAL SELF DEFENSE FORCE INTO THE VILLAGE
SQUARE AND SUBJECTING THEM TO A "PEOPLE’S TRIAL."

JUNE

TOOK OVER THE TOWN OF HUAYTAN IN PILPICHACA AND
KILLED SIX, INCLUDING THE MAYOR AND THE DISTRICT’S
LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR.

DYNAMITED THE HOME OF THE MAYOR OF HUACHO IN THE
LIMA DEPARTMENT, AND ASSASSINATED THE EX-LIEUTENANT
GOVERNOR AND HIS WIFE.

ASSASSINATED THE DIRECTOR OF HEALTH FOR THE
NORTHERN CONE OF LIMA.

ATTACKED THE SANTA MARIA MINE IN THE HUARAL
DISTRICT, KILLED THE RESIDENT ENGINEER AND STOLE ALL
EXPLOSIVES STORED AT THE SITE.

KILLED MANUEL ESPINOZA MONROE, A LEADER OF THE
RULING APRA PARTY (AMERICAN POPULAR REVOLUTIONARY
ALLIANCE) AND MAYOR OF TINGO MARIA IN HUANUCO, AND
RETURNED THE NEXT DAY TO SEVERELY BEAT THREE WORKERS WHO
WERE CONSTRUCTING A MAUSOLEUM FOR THE SLAIN MAYOR.

ASSASSINATED EDUARDO REYES BOLIVA, THE DISTRICT
MAYOR OF SUPE IN THE LIMA DEPARTMENT.

ASSASSINATED EUGENIO SORIA QUIROZ, THE APRA MAYOR
OF SUCCHA IN ANCASH.

ASSASSINATED 14 COMMUNITY LEADERS FROM VARIOUS
DISTRICTS IN HUANCAVELICA FOR NOT COMPLYING WITH A
FORCED STRIKE.

ASSASSINATED CESAR ZAPATA CASTILLO, THE MAYOR OF
AUCAYACU IN HURANUCO.

BOMBED A BUS CARRYING PRESIDENTIAL GUARDS IN LIMA,
KILLING SEVEN AND WOUNDING 15.

ASSASSINATED FELIPE MORENO SOLORZANO, THE MAYOR OF
LA MERCED IN JUNIN.

KILLED THE DIRECTOR OF THE EDUCATIONAL CENTER OF
AGRONOMY IN SAN LORENZO, JUNIN.

MAY

KILLED EL COMERCIO JOURNALIST BARBARA D’ACHILLE,
IN A ISOLATED AREA IN THE HUANCAVELICA DEPARTMENT, ALONG
WITH AN ENGINEER WHO WAS DIRECTING A UN STUDY ON THE
SOUTH AMERICAN LLAMAS.

EXECUTED A BRITISH TOURIST AFTER DRAGGING HIM TO A
LOCAL TOWN SQUARE. THE TOURIST HAD BEEN ON A TREKKING
EXPEDITION IN THE SCENIC ANCASH DEPARTMENT. IN A
SEPARATE INCIDENT ALSO IN THE SAME AREA, SENDERO
DYNAMITED A HOTEL AFTER WARNING THE OCCUPANTS, INCLUDING
FOREIGN TOURISTS, TO LEAVE.

INJURED SIX PEOPLE DURING AN ATTACK ON A TOURIST
AGENCY, AND BOMBED A MOUNTAIN GUIDE HEADQUARTERS IN THE
HUARAZ AREA IN THE ANDEAN MOUNTAIN RANGE.

BELIEVED RESPONSIBLE FOR THE BRUTAL KILLING IN
LIMA OF A SOVIET-EDUCATED PERUVIAN PROFESSOR AT THE
NATIONAL ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY. THE ASSASSINS LEFT A
HANDPRINTED POSTER ON THE PROFESSOR’S BACK READING,
"THUS DIE THE SERVANTS OF SOCIAL IMPERIALISM."

SUSPECTED IN AT LEAST ONE OF THE TWO SHOOTINGS OF
PARLIAMENTARY DEPUTIES. FOLLOWING THE ATTACKS,
TWENTY-THREE OTHER DEPUTIES PUBLICLY STATED THEY HAD
RECEIVED DEATH THREATS OR ATTEMPTS ON THEIR LIVES.

FEBRUARY

SUSPECTED IN THE ATTACK ON THE U.S. EMBASSY IN
WHICH AN EXPLOSIVE DEVICE WAS THROWN FROM A PASSING
VEHICLE AT THE CHANCERY BUILDING. NO ONE WAS INJURED.

1988

DECEMBER

SUSPECTED OF HAVING ASSASSINATED IN BOLIVIA THE
PERUVIAN NAVAL ATTACHE WHO WAS GUNNED DOWN IN DOWNTOWN
LA PAZ, ALTHOUGH THE ATTACK WAS PUBLICLY CLAIMED BY A
LOCAL TERRORIST GROUP.

BRUTALLY MURDERED TWO FRENCH ENGINEERS ALONG WITH
TWO PERUVIANS WORKING ON A RURAL ASSISTANCE PROJECT IN
THE APURIMAC DEPARTMENT. SENDERO ALSO ATTACKED A
DEVELOPMENT PROJECT RUN BY THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC
COMMUNITY.

JULY

KILLED A FEDERAL JUDGE IN THE PROVINCIAL CAPITAL
OF CHINCHA, 120 MILES FROM LIMA, SEVERAL DAYS AFTER
KILLING THE PROVINCE’S GOVERNOR.

JUNE

ASSASSINATED THE MAYOR OF THE ANDEAN CITY OF PUNO.

KILLED AN AMERICAN USAID CONTRACT EMPLOYEE AND A
PERUVIAN CO-WORKER IN AN AMBUSH NEAR QUICHA BAJA. THE
TWO WERE INVOLVED IN AN AGRICULTURAL PROJECT. THE
KILLERS WROTE IN RED INK IN THE AMERICAN’S NOTEBOOK,
"THIS IS THE WAY THE LACKEYS OF YANKEE IMPERIALISM DIE.
END QUOTE

MAY

CAUSED A BLACKOUT OF MOST OF LIMA AT A TIME WHEN
THE POPE WAS VISITING.

APRIL

HANGED THREE PEASANT WOMEN IN THE HIGHLANDS NEAR
AYACUCHO AFTER ACCUSING THEM OF WASHING SOLDIER’S
CLOTHES AND SELLING THEM FOOD.

BELIEVED RESPONSIBLE FOR THE KILLING IN LIMA OF A
TECHNICAL ADVISOR TO THE PRESIDENTIAL PALACE AND THE
WOUNDING OF A LIMA CITY COUNCILWOMAN.

KILLED SIX VILLAGERS, INCLUDING THE MAYOR, AFTER A
END QUOTE PEOPLE’S TRIAL END QUOTE IN ANDAJES, A SMALL
VILLAGE IN THE NORTHEAST LIMA DEPARTMENT.

BELIEVED RESPONSIBLE FOR KILLING THE MANAGER OF A
TEXTILE FACTORY IN THE CENTRAL ANDES MOUNTAINS WHO WAS A
YUGOSLAVIAN IMMIGRANT.

MURDERED TWO WORKERS AND A COMPANION IN A
U.S.-FINANCED COCA CROP-SUBSTITUTION PROJECT.

MARCH

BLEW UP APPROXIMATELY 20 ELECTRICAL TRANSMISSION
TOWERS NEAR AYACUCHO AND HUANTA CAUSING A BLACKOUT
LIKELY TIMED TO COINCIDE WITH THE START OF A RELIGIOUS
PROCESSION IN AYACUCHO.

KILLED THE MANAGER OF THE ANDAHUASI AGRICULTURAL
COOPERATIVE 60 MILES OUTSIDE LIMA AND ANOTHER PERSON
AFTER A "PEOPLE’S TRIAL."

JANUARY

MASSACRED 17 PEASANTS IN A VILLAGE NORTHEAST OF
AYACUCHO AFTER ORDERING THEM INTO A LINE AND OPENING
FIRE WITH AUTOMATIC WEAPONS.

MASSACRED 24 PEASANTS IN ANOTHER VILLAGE IN THE
AYACUCHO AREA, SHOOTING AND HACKING THEM TO DEATH.

1987

DECEMBER

BLACKED OUT LIMA AND PARTS OF EIGHT OTHER
DEPARTMENTS IN ITS FIRST NEW YEAR’S EVE BLACKOUT SINCE
1984.

KILLED THE RECENTLY REELECTED MAYOR OF PISCO, A
LEADING COASTAL CITY ABOUT 150 MILES FROM LIMA.

KILLED 24 IN RUMIRUMI IN THE AYACUCHO DEPARTMENT,
INCLUDING VILLAGE OFFICIALS, THE LOCAL SCHOOL TEACHER,
AND MEMBERS OF AN ARMY-ORGANIZED PEASANT’S PATROL. THE
VICTIMS HAD BEEN GATHERED IN THE TOWN SQUARE AND KILLED
BY MACHINEGUN FIRE WHILE OTHERS HAD THEIR THROATS SLIT.

KILLED AN ENGINEER WITH THE GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENT
AGENCY AFTER A "PEOPLE’S TRIAL END QUOTE IN HUARAZ, 275
MILES NORTHEAST OF LIMA.

ATTACKED THE OFFICE IN AYACUCHO OF THE CACHI RIVER
IRRIGATION PROJECT, KILLING THREE ENGINEERS INCLUDING
THE PROJECT’S DIRECTOR AND A LOCAL GUARD.

KILLED THE MAYOR OF HUANTA.

OCTOBER

SUSPECTED IN THE ASSASSINATION OF A LEADER OF THE
RULING PARTY.

SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER

KILLED OVER 40 CIVILIANS IN ATTACKS AGAINST TWO
TOWNS IN THE TOCACHE PROVINCE.

AUGUST

KILLED ANOTHER LEADER OF THE RULING PARTY.

APRIL

AMBUSHED WITH DYNAMITE AND MACHINEGUN FIRE A BUS
CARRYING APPROXIMATELY 40 PEOPLE, KILLING TEN SOLDIERS
AND FOUR CIVILIANS.

ATTACKED A RESTAURANT IN LIMA KILLING SIX,
INCLUDING TWO MILITARY OFFICERS, AND WOUNDED TEN OTHERS
WITH INDISCRIMINATE MACHINEGUN FIRE. THE ATTACKERS
ENTERED THE RESTAURANT WEARING SCHOOL AND POLICE
UNIFORMS.

ATTACKED THE NORTH KOREAN COMMERCIAL MISSION IN
LIMA, WOUNDING AT LEAST THREE PEOPLE.

MARCH

WOUNDED THE BANK OF TOKYO’S GENERAL MANAGER, A
JAPANESE NATIONAL, IN AN ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT IN LIMA.

JANUARY

ATTACKED THE INDIAN EMBASSY IN LIMA WHILE THE
PERUVIAN PRESIDENT WAS ON AN OFFICIAL VISIT TO NEW
DELHI. THE SENDERO ATTACKERS LATER TOOK OVER THE LOCAL
REUTERS OFFICE AND FORCED ITS STAFF TO SEND ITS
COMMUNIQUE OUT OVER THE WIRES.

1986

OCTOBER

SHOT AND KILLED FORMER NAVY MINISTER ADMIRAL
CAFFERATTA.

JULY

BOMBED THE SOVIET EMBASSY IN LIMA.

JUNE

INSTIGATED SIMULTANEOUS RIOTS IN THREE PRISONS
WHICH WERE BRUTALLY PUT DOWN BY THE SECURITY FORCES.
OVER 200 SUSPECTED SENDERO PRISONERS WERE KILLED.

BOMBED A CUZCO TRAIN PACKED WITH TOURISTS AND
BOUND FOR THE STONE RUINS OF MACHU PICCHU, KILLING EIGHT
(INCLUDING TWO AMERICANS) AND WOUNDING 40 (INCLUDING
NINE AMERICANS).

MARCH - PUBLICLY EXECUTED THREE PROVINCIAL MAYORS IN
CHACRA PAMPAS.

FEBRUARY

KILLED THE MAYOR OF THE VILLAGE OF CHUPAC.

1985

DECEMBER

SET OFF A BOMB IN THE PARKING LOT OF LIMA AIRPORT,
KILLING A CHILD.

AUGUST

BOMBED A BUS AT LIMA’S CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.

APRIL

CRITICALLY WOUNDED A FORMER SUPREME COURT JUSTICE
WHO WAS SERVING AS PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL ELECTIONS
TRIBUNAL.

FEBRUARY

BLACKED OUT MOST OF LIMA DURING THE POPE’S VISIT,
WHILE SIMULTANEOUSLY BURNING A LARGE HAMMER AND SICKLE
ON A MOUNTAINSIDE WITHIN VIEW OF THE CAPITAL.

1984

NOVEMBER

BOMBED THE U.S.-PERUVIAN CULTURAL INSTITUTE IN
LIMA.

AUGUST

BURNED AN EVANGELICAL CHURCH IN THE AYACUCHO
DEPARTMENT RUN BY U.S. MISSIONARIES.

1983

MAY

BLEW UP ELECTRICAL POWERLINES CAUSING A BLACKOUT
IN LIMA, THEN SET OFF OVER 30 BOMBS CAUSING TENS OF
MILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN DAMAGE.

1982

JULY

THREW TWO EXPLOSIVE DEVICES CONTAINING DYNAMITE AT
THE U.S. EMBASSY IN LIMA AND SET OFF BOMBS AT THREE
PRIVATE BUSINESSES, INJURING THREE PEOPLE.

1981

AUGUST

BOMBED THE U.S. EMBASSY IN LIMA, AS WELL AS THE
BANK OF AMERICA, THE COCA COLA BOTTLER, AND A DAIRY FIRM
ASSOCIATED WITH THE CARNATION COMPANY.

1980

MAY

ATTACKED A POLLING STATION IN CHUSCHI AND BURNED
THE BALLOT BOXES.

END TEXT EOT.

BAKER